black hole nasa Jay Friedlander 1652098104020

Astronomers discover supermassive black hole with flipped magnetic field

The intrigue surrounding black holes attracts every space enthusiast. The physics behind this has plagued scientists for decades. These mysterious space elements are called powerful cosmic engines because they provide power for quasars and active galactic nuclei. We may be discussing the magnetic field of black holes, but black holes do not have their own magnetic field. The dense plasma that surrounds the black hole as an accretion disk creates a magnetic field around these black holes. When observing Galaxy 1ES 1927 + 654 239 million light-years away, scientists observed a sudden change in brightness around the galaxy’s massive black hole.

This is said to be due to a sudden change in the magnetic field of the black hole. Although stars are known for their magnetic reversal, they do not believe in black holes. Our sun changes its magnetic field every 11 years. But the black hole needs to be more consistent in this regard.

The plasma swirls of the black hole and the charged cells in it produce a magnetic field as well as an electric current. The direction of plasma flow does not change abruptly. Therefore, it is believed that the magnetic field of the black hole is very constant. However this latest observation about the magnetic regression of the black hole has puzzled scientists.

A report on Science Alert Mentioned Scientists have observed the galaxy in 2018 through the Automated Sky Survey. Scientists have observed that the galaxy is 100 times brighter in visible light. The Swift Observatory captures its brightness to see beyond the range of X-rays and ultraviolet light. Archive observational data show that by the end of 2017 the galaxy began to become brighter.

Initially, scientists believed that the increased brightness was due to the star passing through the black hole of the galaxy. But the incident prevented the star from cracking. Since this is not true, scientists have continued their research on galactic flares.

After studying the changes in the full spectrum of light, the scientists discovered a sudden decrease in X-rays. X-rays are the result of spiraling charged particles in an intense magnetic field. This change in X-rays indicated a sudden change in the magnetic field.

Researchers suggest that as the black hole accretion disk undergoes magnetic reversal, the magnetic field at the outer edges of the disc weakens. After the reversal is complete, the disk will return to its original state.

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